Bernard, Jack
  The Hump

Jack was a member of the original OSS Det 101 group to parachute into Burma in February 1943.
Bolderweck, Bill
  San Francisco Examiner article

December 1985
Brunner, Dr. John
  Served with OSS in Kunming and Shanghai, is knowledgeable about OSS insignia and patches. He is Professor Emeritus, retired from Muhlenberg College. Some of the patches never really became official.
Burma Star Association - London
  Newsletter
Central Intelligence Agency
  America's First Intelligence Agency
(see bibliography for listing of books on intelligence gathering and reference to Det. 101 on page 18)
Chamales, Tom
  Never So Few
Dallas Morning News
  One Final Mission

5 Sept. 1993
Dunlop, Richard
  Behind Japanese Lines
  Donovan
Fisher, Edward
  A Most Colorful Fellow (Father Stuart)

Notre Dame News

Summer 1987
Fort Bragg, North Carolina, History Museum
  A video recording of the experience of a variety of men in Det. 101
Good, Lintner
  Land of Jade
Good section on the Kachins and KIA with references to Detachment 101.
  Burma in Revolt
post war drug/ethnic/military problems of Myanmar
Griffin, W. E. B.
  A series of novels on OSS in WWII
Henderson, Ralph
  Readers Digest

Jump Into Adventure

June 1945
Hengshoon, Harry
  Green Hell
Hilsman, Roger
  American Guerilla
History of Det. 101
History of U.S. Intelligence Units
Johnson, Sterling Rock
  Detachment 101 (article)
Moon, Thomas
  The Deadliest Colonel
Moon, Thomas N.
  The Grim and Savage Game
National Archives
Military Records Section
Textual Archives Services
Division Modern Military Records
8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD
20740-6001
  Almost all OSS records, including Detachment 101 data, is on deposit at the College Park facility. Thousands of original Detachment 101 documents can be found there. Archivist Lawrence H. McDonald (Modern Military Records, Room 2-400, Textual Archives Services Division, National Archives, College Park, MD 20740-6001) is most knowledgeable about Det. 101 records and documents.
OSS-101 Association Incorporated
  Newsletter
Peers, William R.
  Behind the Burma Road
Rabinowitz, Alan
  Beyond the Last Village: A Journey of Discovery in Areas of Forbidden Wilderness
(see also book review by Adam Goodheart in NY Times)
Shepard, Gordon
  BEHIND ENEMY LINES: a multimedia Scrapbook of First Lieutenant Gordon Shepard in the Burma Campaign, January - July 1945
Photos, letters, sketches.
Smith, Martin
  Burma: Insurgency and the Politics of Ethnicity
provides excellent background on Burma/Myanmar
Spector, Sam
  Back in Burma

April 30, 1998
Tottori, Calvin
  The OSS Niseis in the China-Burma-India Theater
Ward, James R.
  Detachment 101 (article)
www.burma-star.ex-forces.org.uk/101stair.html
  an excellent, detailed and extensive body of data on British Forces activity in Burma, plus a section on Detachment 101 activities during WWII in Burma
             
World War II, The Secret War
An American Covert Force pp109-115
Hogan, David W. Jr., U.S. Army Special Operations in WWII (see footnotes of Chapter 5 below)
Special Operations in the China-Burma-India Theater
1.
Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 369, 373

William C. Wilkinson, "Problems of a Guerrilla Leader," Military Review 32 (November 1952): 23

William R. Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (June 1948): 10-11

William R. Peers and Dean Brelis, Behind the Burma Road: The Story of America's Most Successful Guerrilla Force (Boston: Little, Brown, 1963), pp. 47-49

Jack Barnhard's report in Eifler to Donovan, 1 Jul 43, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 49, Folder 400, RG 226, NARA.
     
2.
William R. Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (June 1948): 11

Richard Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines: With the OSS in Burma (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1979), pp. 65-69

Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 24 Nov 42, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 49, Folder 400, Modern Military HQ Branch, RG 226,NARA. Donovan's original organization, the Office of the Coordinator of Information, became the Office of Strategic Services in June 1942.

 

   
3.
Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 27-29

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 76-80

Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 24 Nov 42, OSS, History Office Files. Peers later rose to the rank of lieutenant general and commanded the 4th Infantry Division and II Field Force in Vietnam.

 

   
4.
Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 83-87, 90

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 30-35

Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 24 Nov 42, OSS, History Office Files

USAMHI, Senior Officers Debriefing Program: Conversations between Lieutenant General Willima R. Peers and Lieuntenant Colonel Jim Breen, Lieutenant Colonel Charlie Moore, 5 sees. [Carlisle, 1977] (hereafter cited as Peers interview), 1: 13

 

   
5.
Quote from Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, p. 109

see also Milton E. Miles, A Different Kind of War, ed. Hawthorne Daniel (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1967), pp. 76, 86, 90

Smith, OSS, pp. 244-45
     
6.
Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 24 Nov 42, and Ltr, Maj. L.B. Thompson, Asst. Adj. General, CBI Branch Office, to Eifler, 15 Sep 42, both in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 49, Folder 400, Modern Military HO Branch, RG 226, NARA

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 360-61, 369-71

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, p. 109

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (June 1948): 12

Miles, A Different Kind of War
     
7.
Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 24 Nov 42, OSS, History Office Files

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 111, 126

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, p. 38

Peers interview, 1:11.
     
8.
Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 24 Nov 42, OSS, History Office Files

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 372-73

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (June 1948): 14-15

History of OSS Detachment 101, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 50, Folder 403, RG 226, NARA

History of Communications for OSSSU Detachment 101, OSS, Special Forces, Entry 103, Box 1, Folder 1, RG 226, NARA

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 60-63

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 122-23, 132.
     
9.
Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 142-43

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, p.67

Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 24 Nov 42, OSS, History Office Files.
     
10.
Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, p. 70

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 147-48.
             
Page 130
             
11.
See Jack Barnard's report, in Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 1 Jul 43, and Eifler's monthly reports, bot of OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 49, Folder 400, RG 226, NARA

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 92, 96.
     
12.
Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 6 Apr 43, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 49, Folder 400, RG 226, NARA

History of Detachment 101, in Rpt, Peers to Donovan, Nov 44, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 50, Folder 403, RG 226, NARA

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 376-78

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 100-101

Peers interview, 1:2, 17

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 204, 209-11.
     
13.
Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 6 Apr 43, and Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 30 Apr 43, both in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 49, Folder 400, RG 226, NARA

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 370, 376

OSSSU Detachment 101: A Brief History of the Detachment for NCAC Records, Mar 45, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 51, Folder 408, RG 226, NARA.
     
14.
Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 16-17

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 372-73

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 215-16.
     
15.
Wilkinson, "Problems of a Guerrilla Leader," pp. 23-28

Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 6 Apr 43, OSS, History Office Files

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 191-92, 208, 368-70

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, p. 13

Rpt, Wilkinson to Peers, 31 Dec 43, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 50, Folder 402, RG 226, NARA

Rpt, Peers to Donovan, Nov 44, OSS, History Office Files.
     
16.
Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 15-16

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 213-20

Eifler's monthly reports in OSS, History Office Files

Charles N. Hunter, GALAHAD (San Antonio, Tex.: Naylor. 1963), p. 54.
     
17.
Rpt, Eifler to Donovan, 1 Aug 43, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 49, Folder 400, RG 226, NARA

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, p. 327

Rpt, Peers to Donovan, Nov 44, OSS, History Office Files

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 14.

 

 

 

18.
Charlton Ogburn, The Marauders, 2d ed. (New York: Harper & Bros., 1959), p. 103

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 144, 311, 379, 392, 423-24, 435

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 19

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, p. 154.

 

   
19.
Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 144-47

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 17.

 

   
20.
Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 371, 381, 387

reports in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 50, RG 226, NARA

OSSSU Detachment 101, Mar 45, OSS, History Office Files

Special Report on Activities of Detachment 101, OSS, in Relation to Air Force Action in North Burma, 11 Sep 44, and Ltr, R. Taylor Drake to Lt. Col. Carl O. Hoffman, 26 Sep. 44, both in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 51, Folder 408, RG 226, NARA

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 107-09, 122, 213, 219

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, p. 281

Peers interview, 1: 1.

 

   
21.
Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 374, 380-82

Eifler's and Peers' reports in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Boxes 49 and 50, repsectively, RG 226, NARA

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 19

Wilkinson, "Problems of a Guerrilla Leader," p. 25

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, p. 223

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 110- 129.

 

           
Page 131

 

           
22.
Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 380-81

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 12

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 248, 255-62, 26

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 131-39

Peers interview, 1: 14.

 

   
23.
QUADRANT Conference, August 1943

Papers and Minutes of Meetings (Office of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 1943), pp. 254, 336, 427-28, CMH

Ronald H. Spector, Eagle Against the Sun (New York: Free Press, 1985), pp. 347-48, 355

Charles F. Romanus and Riley Sunderland, Stilwell's Command Problems, U.S. Army in World War II (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, Government Printing Office, 1955), pp. 36, 222

Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring (Boston: Houghton Miffline, 1951), pp. 67-68

Forrest C. Pogue, George C. Marshall: Organizer of Victory (New York: Viking, 1973), pp. 256-57.

 

   
24.
Quoted from Ogburn, Marauders, p. 34.

 

   
25.
Ibid., pp. 9, 29-43, 271

U.S. War Department, Merrill's Marauders, February-May 1944, American Forces in Action series (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1945), pp. 8-11.

 

   
26.
Ogburn, Marauders, pp. 52-56, 61, 72

Hunter, GALAHAD, p. 12.

 

   
27.
Ogburn, Marauders, pp. 16, 59-60, 64, 70

War Department, Merrill's Marauders, pp. 8, 16

Romanus and Sunderland, Stilwell's Command Problems, p. 131

Riley Sunderland comments relating to "Common Man, Uncommon Leadership: Colonel Charles N. Hunter with GALAHAD in Burma," Parameters (Summer 1986), pp. 6-7 in Scott R. McMichael Papers, USAMHI.

 

   
28.
Ogburn, Marauders, pp. 85-134

Romanus and Sunderland, Stilwell's Command Problems, pp. 149-54, 212

Hunter, GALAHAD, pp. 19-46. Hunter claimed that march to Shingbwyuang was necessary to condition the troops, but Peers stated later that he warned Hunter that the march would use up stores of energy which would be essential in the coming campaign. See Hunter, GALAHAD, pp. 19-20

Sunderland Comments to "Common Man, Uncommon Leadership," p. 6

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, p. 300.

 

   
29.
Romanus and Sunderland, Stilwell's Command Problems, p. 182

 

   
30.
Ogburn, Marauders, pp. 135-41, 177, 188-228

Romanus and Sunderland, Stilwell's Command Problems, pp. 175-91, 223-25

Hunter, GALAHAD, 52-89.

 

   
31.
Ogburn, Marauders, pp.229-30.

 

   
32.
Ogburn, Marauders, pp. 227-35, 244, 250-61, 278-83

Romanus and Sunderland, Stilwell's Command Problems, pp. 204, 223-56

Hunter, GALAHAD, pp. 99, 115-17, 127, 131, 136, 200-02

James H. Stone, "The Marauders and the Microbes," Infantry Journal 64 (March 1949): 8

Sunderland comments to "Common Man, Uncommon Leadership," pp. 8-12.

 

   
33.
Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 385-87

Rpt, Peers to Donovan, Nov 44, OSS, HIstory Office Files

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 13-14

OSSSU Detachment 101, Mar 45, OSS, History Office Files

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 156, 162, 167-68

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 301, 308, 327, 330-31, 361-64

Ogburn, Marauders, pp. 105, 191.

 

   
34.
See reports for Nov and Dec 1944 in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 50, RG 226, NARA

OSSSU Detachment 101, Mar 45, OSS, History Office Files

Roosevelt, War Report of the OOS, 2: 388

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 14

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 315, 372-73

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 173-84.

 

           
Page 132

 

           
35.
See report for Jan 45 in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 50, RG 226, NARA

OSSSU Deatachment 101, Mar 45, OSS, History Office Files

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 388-90

Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 14

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 326, 416-23

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 57, 183-91.

 

   
36.
Charles F. Romanus and Riley Sunderland, Time Runs Out in CBI, U.S. Army in World War II (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, Government Printing Office, 1958), pp. 126, 134, 183-214.

 

   
37.
Peers, "Guerrilla Operations in Northern Burma," Military Review 28 (July 1948): 14-16

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 390-92

Peers interview, 2: 9-10

Peers and Brelis, Behind the Burma Road, pp. 193-211

Dunlop, Behind Japanese Lines, pp. 430-33, 435-36. The Mars Task Force was deactivated in China about the same time. See John H. Randolph, Marsmen in Burma (Houston: Gulf Publishing, 1946), pp. 218-19.

 

   
38.
Roosevelt, War Reports of the OSS, 2: 359-64, 415-17

Miles, A Different Kind of War, pp. 85, 91, 111, 117, 160, 436

Smith, OSS, p. 266

Albert C. Wedemeyer, Wedemeyer Reports! (New York: Holt, 1958), pp. 252-53, 271

 

   
39.
Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 364, 417-18, 440-47

Miles, A Different Kind of War, pp. 433-41, 455, 476

Smith, OSS, p. 266

Albert C. Wedemeyer, Wedemeyer Reports! (New York: Holt, 1958), pp. 252-53, 271

 

   
40.
Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 417, 443, 454-55

see OSS/China monthly reports in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Boxes 65-66, RG 226, NARA

Memorandum of Information to the JCS, 10 Aug 45, OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Box 68, Folder 218, RG 226, NARA

 

   
41.
Operational group monthly reports and the Nanking Mission in Folders 207 and 208, OSS Activities China, 11 June 45, and Memorandum of Information for the JCS, 30 Aug 45, Sub: OSS Special Operations in China, Folder 211, all in OSS, History Office Files, Entry 99, Boxes 65-66, RG 226, NARA

 

   
42.
Smith, OSS, pp. 330-35

Roosevelt, War Report of the OSS, 2: 359-60
     
43.
Smith, OSS, pp. 296-314

see also Nicol Smith, Into Siam (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1945)
     

Nathan N. Prefer (US Military historian)

Vinegar Joe's War (Stilwell's Campaigns for Burma)

"...We got run out of Burma and it is humiliating as hell. I think we ought to find out what caused it, go back and retake it..."

A vivid story of Merrill's Marauders' campaigns in Burma.

It's interesting to note the significant support provided by Det 101

and its Kachin Rangers during the campaigns. Carl Eifler and

John Coughlin also personally selected Jack Girsham to act as

General Merrill's war time guide through the jungles of Burma.

 

 

   

Jack Girsham with Lowell Thomas

Burma Jack

"Burma Jack" was one of the great jungle men of his time ---

a teakwood logger in Burma's "back of beyond", an intrepid

hunter of the murderous man-eating tiger and the rogue elephant,

and wartime guide with Merrill's Maurauders in their drive to the

Burma Road.  Jack was already a legend in his time when the

war came.  He was recuperating in St. Luke's Hospital in Chabua

when Col. Carl Eifler and Col. John Coughlin recruited him as

the war time guide for Merrill's Marauders.  Jack acted as scout,

guide and interpreter with the Intelligence and Reconnaissance

Platoons of Merrill's Marauders into Walabun and Myitkyina.